School of System Socionics

“Practice is the proof of the truth”

The features given by signs to the psychic functions processing information elements

P, practical logic — information about the properties of objects.


+P — work with concrete objects (properties of objects) , improvement, refinement of technology, skills deepening, elaboration in the area of specialization, efficiency, high quality, optimality, use, practicality, usability.

−P — work, manufacturability, general organization of the process, expanding the scope of competence, tendency to organize work globally, use and uselessness, practicality and unpracticality, high quality and low quality.

Do not attribute to P-element: benefit, profit, thrift, acquisition, savings, spending, expenses, sell​​ing, trade (these concepts refer to F-element - strengthening or weakening of boundaries of living space). Multi-elemental concepts: riskiness, experiment, inventiveness.

L, structural logic — information about the relations between objects.


+L — logicality, compliance with logicality in any details, strict logic, non-recognition of illogicality, orientation on clarification of details, aspiration to split up, detail, concretize. Concrete usage of rules, order, consistency (legislation, resolution, regulations, rules, instructions, etc.).

−L — illogicality and logicality, compliance with orderliness and logicality in the broad sense, lax logic; global, universal, abstract logic, general regularities.

Depending on context, such concepts as system, analysis, classification, objectivity, justice may belong to +L-element and -L-element.

F, volitional sensing — information related to the essence of space.


+F — defense, safeguard, shield, rebuff, battle for interests, acquisition, benefit, saving, thrift, accumulation of resources, profit.
Depending on context, the concept «survival» may belong to +F-element (conservation of life) and -F-element (to survive due to the destruction of other). The same applies to the concepts of strength, will, living space)

−F — seizure, attack, assault, aggression, pressure, influence, authority, power, control, volitional pressure, loss, weakness, and all +F manifestations.

S, experiential sensing — information about spatial relations.


+S — beauty and prettiness (spatial relations), harmony of lines, colours, forms; comfort, convenience, pleasant sensations; sensory delights, pleasure and tactile sensibility; vision of details, aspiration to concretize a scope.

−S — discomfort and comfort, aesthetics, beauty and ugliness, harmony and disharmony, contrast in sensations; vision of an overall picture and concrete details.

The concepts such as illness, malaise, suffering, pain and health are multi-elemental.

E, emotive ethics — information about energy states.


+E — joy, gladness, positive emotions, good mood, emotional lift, inspiration, enthusiasm, laughter, experience of happiness, love (as an emotional state). The focus is on improvement of the mood, specification and nuances of the states in the near psychological environment.

−E — grief, sadness, dejection, depression, gloom, apathy, emotional downturn, vision of positive moments in negative states, contrast in emotional states, and a whole range of positive emotional states. The focus is on turning a negative into a positive state. It is manifested in the near and far psychological environment.

Certain emotional states, such as tears, crying, sadness, sorrow, can be considered both in "plus", and in "minus", depending on whether the energy condition of a person decreases or rises ("bright sadness", "tears of relief")

R, relational ethics — information about the relations between energy states.


+R — positive, neutral relationships, friendship, sympathy, kindness, benevolence, compassion, love (as an attitude). These features are shown in a close circle of people.

−R — conflict, bad relationships, hatred, animosity, spite, anger at someone, antipathy, contempt, insult, malice, resentment, repulsion and and a whole range of positive relationships. These features are shown in any circle of people.

I, potentiality intuition — information about the essence of changes.


+I — sense, insight, vision of positive potential, aptitudes and possibilities, essence, ideas, originality, uncommonness, interest, irreality.

−I — good and bad variants, possibilities, positive and negative traits, vision of "the reverse side of the coin", absence of any prospect, senselessness, mediocrity, negative potential.

T, temporal intuition — information about the relations between changes.


+T — положительная перспектива, положительные события, изменения, перемены, предвидение, предсказание.

−T — positive and negative events, changes, negative outlook, prevision, delay, waste of time.

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